Nit Control
Head Lice Treatment & Nit Removal
featuring California's most affordable lice treatment plan
Head Lice Information

What are head lice?
Head lice (Pediculus Humanus capitis) are parasitic insects that live on the hair of human heads and feed on human blood.  learn more about lice

How do you get head lice?
Head lice do not jump or fly.  They are transmitted though direct contact. Preschool and elementary school students have the highest rate of lice transmission, although anyone with hair can get head lice because of the amount of physical contact and sharing of personal items. Lice can also be spread in public places such as clothing stores and movie theatres.

Were you exposed to lice?
Most sources do not recommend treatment before anything is actually found.  An inspection can be performed either visually or with a lice comb.  Using a lice comb is the preferred method because during the early stages of infestation, lice can be difficult to find visually.  Most will experience noticeable itching and irritation within two weeks of "getting lice". .   

Who gets head lice?
Preschool and elementary school students have the highest rate of lice transmission although anyone with hair can get head lice. Getting lice is not a matter of hygiene but more a matter of being in the wrong place at the wrong time. 

Where does lice come from?
Head lice are parasites which mean they live in or an another host or organism.  Humans are the only possible hosts of lice.  They have been passed from person to person for thousands of years. Scientist have even found fossils of lice eggs in the hair of pharaoh's in Egyptian tombs.  

Does lice mean bad hygiene?
No.  Head lice actually prefer clean hair. Lice live in the hair and feed on blood from the scalp. Oil and dirt only make it more difficult for them to eat and breed.  Head lice is very common among affluent communities who travel abroad or are frequently going to public places and events. 
What are my treatment options?
There are many different kind of lice treatment and removal methods available.  Treatment options vary from using toxic shampoos, manual removal, mayonnaise and oil suffocation, and cutting the hair.  Each method can have varying effects depending on numerous factors.   

          Compare and review each lice treatment option

What are the symptoms of lice?
The most common symptom of head lice is itching on the head.  Similar to mosquitos and fleas, lice bites can cause irritation and itching.  Some people are more allergic to bites than others so the severity of itching can differ from person to person.  Another symptom of an infestation is a "crawling" feeling on the scalp.  Adult bugs can sometimes be felt moving around the hair.  This is usually a sign of a moderate to severe infestation.  

What do lice look like?
An adult louse is 2-3mm in length and appears brown in color. They are wingless insects with six legs and a large abdomen.  Lice eggs, also called "nits", are about 1mm in length and also appear brown in color.  Eggs that have hatched are white or clear and are called "nit castings".  Nits and nit castings are always firmly attached to the hair.  
          See pictures of lice in all stages of development

How do I treat my home for lice?
During treatment it is important to have your surroundings properly cleaned.  A louse can live without a host for 1-2 days.  

Bedding: Sheets, blankets, and pillow cases, should be put in the drier for 30-40 minutes on high heat. (washing optional for mild infestation)

Couch: Vacuum and cover with sheet or blanket for 2-3 days. 
Hair Accessories: Submerge in water with bleach solution or freeze  (4+ hours) or leave untouched for 2-3 days

Clothing: All clothing worn in last 2-3 days should be put in drier for
30-40 minutes on high

Car Seats: Vacuum well and visually inspect

Toys: Isolate toys for 2-3 days (plastic bags help) 

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