Medications that kill head lice are called pediculicides. Most pediculicides except malathion are applied to the scalp and hair and left for 10 minutes, then washed off. Pediculicides can usually kill nymphs and adult lice, but often times do not kill the nits. For this reason, they may need to be reapplied several times to kill newly emerged nymphs. Many sources agree that lice are becoming increasingly resistant to commonly used pediculicides found in store bought lice shampoos used for lice removal.
Some pediculicides have significant toxicities, it is important to use with caution and follow instructions properly. Some products like Rid can cause an allergic reaction in people who have plant allergies, especially allergies to chrysthanthemums.
Lindane is available by prescription only. In a few cases, seizures in children have been reported.
Permethrin is the most common pesticide treatment for head lice removal. Permethrin 1% (Nix) is available over-the-counter, and permethrin 5% (Elimite) is available by prescription.
Pyrethrins Plus Piperonyl Butoxide. Rid is a shampoo that can known to cause an allergic reaction in some people. Especially those with allergies to chrysthanthemums. Eggs can survive and hatch after treatment. Eggs are not removed by active ingredient. Both nit removal and lice removal are important to avoid prolonged infestation.
Lindane is available only by prescription. It should only be used very cautiously if a first-line treatment has failed because several cases of seizures in children have been reported. Avoid the use of Lindane with other lice treatments, including non-toxic lice removal method.
Malathion is a prescription lotion that is applied to the hair, left to air dry, then washed off after 8-12 hours. Because it has a high alcohol content, it is highly flammable and can cause difficulty breathing if it is ingested. For these reasons, it should only be used for resistant cases of head lice.
Nit Control offers professional non-toxic head lice treatment and nit removal. Nit Control technicians use an essential oil based cream and manual brushing technique to remove and destroy nits and eggs. Fast and efficient lice removal requires knowledge in identification, brushing technique, and prevention. schedule an appointment today and get rid of lice.
In most cases, lice removal requires two treatments. When a nymph hatches from an egg they are sometimes too small for a nit comb to pick up. A second combing should be preformed 3-6 days after the first in order to pick the the small nymphs that were missed. The nymph will mature and reproduce in about 7 days so it is recommended to have the second combing done before then.
To avoid re-infestation is important to contact anyone your child has had close contact with to inform them of the infestation. Head lice can spread quickly in a group setting so it is important to keep everyone informed. This is the best way to keep head lice from passing back and forth among your social groups.
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